Bitcoin is a digital currency that was created in 2009 by an unknown person or group of people using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. It is the first decentralized digital currency, as it is not controlled by any government or financial institution. Instead, it is underpinned by a distributed ledger technology called blockchain, which allows transactions to be recorded and verified on a network of computers. This eliminates the need for a central authority to verify transactions and ensures that they are secure and cannot be altered.
Bitcoin was initially worth very little and was not widely used or accepted. However, its value has steadily increased over the years, and it has gained significant mainstream adoption as a means of payment and store of value. In recent years, the value of Bitcoin has fluctuated greatly.
The use of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies remains controversial, with some governments and financial institutions wary of their potential to disrupt the traditional financial system. However, many see them as a potentially revolutionary technology with the potential to change the way money is used and transferred around the world. Bitcoin can be used to send and receive payments directly between individuals or businesses without the need for intermediaries such as banks or payment processors.